Delicate balance

Fungal diseases: causes, symptoms

According to statistics, a fungal infection - the inheritance of every four patients suffering from chronic ENT diseases. But, unlike the onychomycosis (well-known to all fungal nail disease), disorders of ear, nose and throat often causes not only the pathogenic fungi, but also the most that neither is our "home", we are for the time being perfectly coexist . Whether yeast fungi of the genus Candida buy diflucan online (normally we have in the body of the content is 10 in grade 3) or fungi Aspergillus (health standards allow the presence of 500 of their dispute to one cubic meter of air in the room).

But it is worth this good neighborly relations be broken, and problems begin to assert itself sweltering dry and sore throat (if faringomikoze), discharge from the ear pain, hearing loss (at otomycosis), bleeding from the nose, pain and heaviness in the paranasal sinuses (with rinomikoze), dry cough, change of voice (when laringomikoze).

Cause and effect

Immunodeficiency states, which leads not only to such terrible diseases as AIDS, and uncontrolled use of antibiotics, treatment with corticosteroids, cytostatics. Mycosis may provoke also the use of antiseptic broad-spectrum (sprays, lozenges, ointments). Especially if it is done without a doctor's prescription, according to the principle of "one neighbor said." As a result, suffers from the normal microflora of the mucous membrane, supports the need for peaceful coexistence with fungi balance.

Increased levels of glucose, which is the case with endocrine disorders. First of all diabetes. It is no secret that the "sweet", rich blood glucose - a good "bait" for pathogens. Including - and mushrooms.

Hormonal changes, which is most noticeable in older women, survivors or going through menopause. Against this background, most women have been dry mucous membranes, which is a predisposing factor for joining a fungal infection.

Microtrauma mucosa. Most often, it is in such a scenario develop otomycosis. Indeed, any wound - entrance gate for infections, including - for fungal. In addition, injured skin allocates intercellular fluid - a good breeding ground for fungi.

Injure the delicate skin of the outer ear, the thickness of which does not exceed 0,5 mm, - a piece of cake. Than? Conventional cotton swab with which other citizens are trying to get rid of earwax. With basteriostaticheskimi, softening and moisturizing properties, it really is a natural protection factor ear canal. So why deny such protection ear? Provoke otomycosis may hit in the ear of water while swimming.

By faringomikozam (fungal diseases of the throat) cause injury of a different kind. In most cases - because of poorly chosen or used wrong ... dentures that many of the old-fashioned continue to "soak" for a night in a glass of water. Which leads to the formation of biofilm on the prosthesis from bacteria and fungi.

Carious teeth, which are known to be a source of infection - is another predisposing factor for the development of fungal infections of upper respiratory tract. Especially when it comes to fungal diseases of the paranasal sinuses.Often to the implantation (introduction) of fungal spores in this area results in dental care and the 4th, 5th and / or 6th maxillary teeth, roots or are adjacent to the bottom, or germinate in the paranasal sinuses. To this closed area emerged inflammation, sometimes quite a fungus spores.

Exposure to harmful environmental factors - a common cause of laringomikozov (fungal diseases of the larynx). Inhalation of dust, vapors, acids, alkalis and other hazardous substances (for repair, paving, work on the grinding machine and without personal protective equipment), as well as smoking, too hot food, strong alcohol - these and many other irritants from the outside can damage the delicate mucous larynx and cause adherence of fungal infection.

Risks laringomikoz earn and those who suffer from gastro-esophageal reflux disease in which the inflammatory process can provoke a return throw acidic contents from the stomach into the esophagus, and then - and the larynx.