Symptoms of prostate cancer

Prostate cancer - the second most common cancer in men. There prostate cancer in adulthood (after 45-50 years), its frequency increases to 65-70 years. Feature of prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that develops slowly. Therefore, in the initial stages of the disease may occur without any noticeable symptoms. That is why men over 40 years old need to regularly take laboratory tests and check-ups at the attending urologist. After all, the earlier prostate cancer when to take nolvadex is detected, the higher the chance of its successful treatment.

In some men, prostate cancer symptoms during urination. Difficulties and / or discomfort during urination (frequent trips to the bathroom, burning, feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, etc.) are possible symptoms of benign prostate enlargement, called BPH, and in the worst cases, these symptoms may indicate prostate cancer. Therefore, it is important to be examined by an experienced urologist, who will establish an accurate diagnosis. Inspection at the urologist vklchaet include: laboratory tests (blood PSA - prostate specific antigen, prostate palpation, ultrasound If in doubt, a urologist, for a more accurate diagnosis, he may refer you to a biopsy of the prostate gland..

Causes of Prostate Cancer

Prostate - a small gland (the size of a chestnut), which is located around the urethra at the bladder. Prostate plays an important role in the male reproductive functions. The prostate gland secretes a fluid that supports the livelihoods and sperm during ejaculation throws them out in the form of semen. Prostate cancer - a disease in which malignant cells form a tumor prostate tissue.

Science does not know the exact causes of prostate cancer. Malignant tumor is the result of changes in the DNA of prostate cells. But what factors (other than age) cause changes in the DNA, scientists could not figure out yet. The main risk factor is age: the older the man, the higher the chances of getting - up to 40 years of prostate cancer is very rare, while after age 50, your risk increases every year. Another risk factor - genetics: American studies indicate that the risk of developing prostate cancer increases by more than 2 times, when direct blood relative (father, brother) also suffered from prostate cancer.

Prediction of life for prostate cancer

In Germany, where the diagnosis of prostate cancer is given a lot of attention, 18% of men are diagnosed with "prostate cancer." According to the research conducted in the US, chances of getting prostate cancer is about 15%. At the same time 80% of the men who developed prostate cancer, successfully fighting the disease through early diagnosis of prostate cancer, and modern methods of treatment of prostate cancer.

Dr. Y.Vitt - the chief surgeon of the European Center for Prostate operates complex patients and patients under the age of 77 years. Thus, choosing an experienced and highly specialized center for the treatment of prostate, the patient receives a higher chance of prolonging life and improving its quality.

The difference between prostate cancer from BPH

The main difference between BPH from prostate cancer that adenoma - a benign tumor and cancer - malignant. Cancer cells (cancer cells) can spread through the blood and lymphatic vessels, forming a so-called metastasis and affecting other cells and organs. Fortunately, the relationship between a benign enlarged prostate and prostate cancer is detected, so the diagnosis of "BPH" does not increase the chance of prostate cancer.

Another difference from adenoma of prostate cancer is a malignant tumor that grows mainly outward. Whereas benign tumor (BPH) grows evenly - and outside and inside, which leads to jamming of the urethra, which is located around the prostate. That is why BPH often causes problems with urination than growing out a malignant tumor. To distinguish an adenoma of prostate cancer can be a doctor, after an inspection, delivery of tests and a biopsy of the prostate.